Heel Pain

Women are four times more likely to have foot problems.

heel pain

Heel Pain

What is heel pain?

Pain underneath the heel is common and can be very disabling. Heel pain may also extend into the arch of the foot. People usually come to see us several months after experiencing heel pain, having self-diagnosed either plantar fasciitis or a heel spur. Plantar fasciitis is pain from the plantar fascia, a thick band of connective tissue between the heel region and ball of the foot region. A heel spur is a bony growth at the front/underside of the heel bone.

What causes heel pain?

Pain from the plantar fascia is generally caused by inflammation or degeneration (wear and tear). Whenever you are standing or moving the plantar fascia is working hard, which is why it’s prone to wear and tear and injury. Most people report that the pain is most severe when they start walking after spending some time off their feet. For example, the first few steps after getting out of bed are usually very uncomfortable. In most cases, if you keep moving the pain will eventually subside. However, if the injury is in an aggravated phase or has been present for quite some time the pain will most likely get worse throughout the day. The good news is that the pain associated with plantar fasciitis always resolves — although it can take up to a couple of years and have a substantial impact on a person’s quality of life.

Now heel spurs. For many years the presence of a heel spur was considered to be abnormal and the cause of pain underneath the heel. It has been proposed that the extra bone forms due to excessive tensile (i.e. plantar fascia and/or intrinsic foot muscles pulling) or compressive (i.e. heel contacting the ground first every time you take a step) forces. It’s still a murky point in the podiatry world. But what is clear is that not all people who have a heel spur have heel pain. Usually the pain is from a fracture, excessive pressure on a nerve, or inflammatory arthritis.

heel pain
woman stretching

Treatment for heel pain

There are 3 steps to overcoming heel pain as quickly as possible:

  1. Work out which structure the pain is originating from.

  2. Determine why that structure has become painful.

  3. Implement a treatment plan using evidence-based options specific to steps 1 and 2.

Overwhelmed? No need to worry as we specialise in walking people through this process so that you get better sooner rather than later. Some of the treatment options your experienced podiatrist may incorporate into your treatment plan are:

  • Strapping and padding

  • Foot mobilisation therapy

  • Dry needling

  • Shockwave therapy

  • Injections

  • Activity modification

  • Application of heat and/or ice

  • Taking medication (short-term)

  • Footwear advice

  • Massage

  • Stretching exercises

  • Strengthening exercises

  • Orthotics